t’s common knowledge that eating a balanced diet is key to living a healthy lifestyle. It reduces the risk of diseases such as stroke, Type 2 diabetes and heart disease, helps you maintain a more positive mood and promotes more energy. Among other things, good nutrition essentially helps us look and feel like our best selves. Funny enough, a full night’s sleep also offers a lot of the same benefits.
Good sleep and conscious eating go hand in hand, and each has the ability the other. Eating the wrong foods at the wrong time can be harmful to your sleep quality, which plays an important role in maintaining your physical and mental health. Below, learn how you can tweak your eating habits to get higher-quality rest, including the best foods for sleep and the foods you want to avoid.
How poor sleep affects your health
The recommended amount of sleep for adults is seven to nine hours each night. During that time, your brain cycles through the four stages of sleep: three stages of NREM (non-rapid eye movement) and one stage of REM (rapid eye movement).
- NREM sleep: The quiet sleep stages where your brain is working to retain memories and knowledge, in addition to repair, refresh, and restore your body.
- REM sleep: The active sleep stage where your body is working to repair cells and muscle tissue, promote bone and muscle growth and helps strengthen the immune system.
If you’re waking up often in the middle of the night or have trouble getting a full night’s sleep, you prevent your body from running through its necessary processes that keep you healthy and productive. Continuous poor sleep puts you at risk for:
- Heart disease
- Weight gain
- High blood pressure
- Bad memory
- Weakened immune system
Unbalanced nutrition tends to be a common culprit for poor sleep, especially if you’re eating certain foods too close to bedtime.
Nutrition for quality sleep
There seems to be a clear link between nutrition and your quality of sleep. To find out more, I spoke to Stephanie Nelson, a registered dietitian who works as a nutrition expert at the tracking app MyFitnessPal. Nelson explained, “The relationship between sleep and nutrition is very complex and we don’t know everything about all the associations between sleep and food. However, a good general summary is that any biological process, including sleep, is influenced by getting the right amount of nutrients. “
“For example, having high blood sugar impacts your energy in the moment, which can prevent you from sleep,” Nelson continued. “Other nutrients impact neurotransmitters that make it easier to relax and turn your brain off for sleep.”
While food affects sleep, the amount of quality sleep you get can also impact your eating habits. Nelson said, “Interestingly, the relationship goes both ways. There’s research showing that poor sleep can negatively impact hormone balances that affect your hunger, and people who sleep less tend to eat more overall.”
Making more conscious choices about food and when you’re eating it can make a big difference in your sleep quality.
The do’s and don’ts on eating for better sleep
Here are Nelson’s tips on how to eat for better sleep.
1. Eat a balanced dinner
“The building blocks of a balanced dinner are a protein source, high-fiber carbohydrate source, and a vegetable. This might look like a grilled marinated chicken breast, some quinoa, and roasted veggies,” said Nelson. “You could also get more creative with it, like a coconut curry made with tofu and sauteed veggies, served over brown rice, or tacos made with the protein of your choice, some beans, and cabbage and onions (and all your other favorite toppings).”
Eat foods that promote serotonin production
Serotonin is required for your body to make melatonin, the hormone responsible for regulating sleep. But Nelson also warns that too much serotonin is associated with poor sleep.
“In order for your body to produce the right amount of serotonin, you need to consume tryptophan, an amino acid you can find in most animal-based foods, oats, nuts, and seeds,” Nelson explained. “You also need to have a carbohydrate source, which allows for tryptophan to be used for serotonin rather than other processes. Other nutrients like vitamin B6, present in sweet potatoes among other foods, are also needed for the right amount of serotonin production.”
3. Eat around three hours before bedtime
You might have heard that you shouldn’t eat right before bedtime if you want a good night’s rest. But how soon, exactly, should you stop eating? “It’s different for everyone,” said Nelson. “Most experts recommend to eat three hours before bedtime for best sleep results, so start there, but definitely play with it. Some people can eat closer to bedtime and still have a good night’s sleep,” she said.
1. Avoid caffeine, sugary drinks and alcohol before bed
You probably know that caffeine isn’t the best nighttime beverage, but what about alcohol or juices? Nelson says you should try to avoid those in the hours right before bed too.
“Being hydrated is key to a good night’s sleep,” she said. “Alcohol dehydrates you, so for the first step, reduce alcohol consumption near bedtime. High sugar drinks also can interfere with sleep, and anything with caffeine.”
“If you’re having trouble sleeping, definitely check when your most recent caffeinated beverages are consumed before bed,” she noted.
2. Don’t eat dessert close to bedtime
For individuals with a sweet tooth, don’t eat foods like ice cream, cookies or chocolate before bedtime. Nelson explains that “low-fiber, high-sugar snacks before bed can cause a spike and then a drop in blood sugar.” These irregular blood sugar levels can disrupt your sleep in multiple ways, making it hard for you get deep rest.